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Version- September 23, 2006

Since 1990, European Union states have had a harmonized approach to address the issues of GMOs and genetically modified microorganisms (GMMs) under the Directive 90/220/EC.  A new framework under the Directive 2001/18/EC, replaced this Directive on April 17, 2001.  The new EU directive sets forth regulations governing the deliberate release into the environment of GMOs.  The Directive puts in place a step-by-step approval process on a case-by-case assessment of the risks to human health and the environment before any GMO or product consisting of, or containing GMOs can be released into the environment or placed on the market.

The list of relevant notifications as available on EURO-LexEuropeanUnion Law is placed as below:

 Release into the environment of GMOs   [index]

COUNCIL DECISION 2002/813/EC of 3 October 2002 establishing, pursuant to Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, the summary notification information format for notifications concerning the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms for purposes other than for placing on the market. Official Journal L 280, 18/10/2002,
P. 0062 - 0083

COUNCIL DECISION 2002/812/EC of 3 October 2002 establishing pursuant to Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council the summary information format relating to the placing on the market of genetically modified organisms as or in products. Official Journal L 280, 18/10/2002, P. 0037 - 0061

COUNCIL DECISION 2002/811/EC of 3 October 2002 establishing guidance notes supplementing Annex VII to Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC. Official Journal L 280, 18/10/2002, P. 0027 - 0036

COMMISSION DECISION 2002/623/EC of 24 July 2002 establishing guidance notes supplementing Annex VII to Directive 2001/18/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC. Official Journal L 200, 30/07/2002, P. 0022 - 0033

DIRECTIVE 2001/18/EC of 12 March 2001 of the European Parliament and of the Council on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms and repealing Council Directive 90/220/EEC - Official Journal L 106, 17/04/2001,
P. 0001 - 0039

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 97/35/EC of 18 June 1997, adapting to technical progress for the second time Council Directive 90/220/EEC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. (Text with EEA relevance) . Official Journal
L 169, 27/06/1997 P. 0072 - 0073

COMMISSION DECISION 94/730/EC of 4 November 1994, establishing simplified procedures concerning the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified plants pursuant to Article 6 (5) of Council Directive 90/220/EEC.Official Journal L 292, 12/11/1994 P. 0031 - 0034

COMMISSION DECISION 94/211/EC of 15 April 1994, amending Council Decision 91/596/EEC concerning the Summary Notification Information Format referred to in Article9 of Council Directive 90/220/EEC. Official Journal L105, 26/04/1994P. 0026 - 0044

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 94/15/EC of 15 April 1994 adapting to technical progress for the first time Council Directive 90/220/EEC on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. Official Journal L 103, 22/04/1994 P. 0020 - 0027

COMMISSION DECISION 93/584/EEC of 22 October 1993, establishing the criteria for simplified procedures concerning the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified plants pursuant to Article 6 (5)of Council Directive 90/220/EEC. Official Journal L 279, 12/11/1993 P.0042- 0043

COMMISSION DECISION 92/146/EEC of 11 February 1992, concerning the Summary Notification Information Format referred to in Article 12 of Council Directive 90/220/EEC.Official Journal L 060, 05/03/1992 P. 0019 -0030

COUNCIL DECISION 91/596/EEC of 4 November 1991, concerning the Summary Notification Information Format referred to in Article 9 of Directive 90/220/EEConthe deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. Official Journal L 322, 23/11/1991 P. 0001 - 0016

COMMISSION DECISION 91/274/EEC of 21 May 1991 concerning a list of Community legislation referred to in Article 10 of Council Directive 90/220/EEC.OfficialJournal L 135, 30/05/1991 P. 0056 - 0056

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 90/220/EEC of 23 April 1990, on the deliberate release into the environment of genetically modified organisms. Official Journal L 117, 08/05/1990 p. 0015 - 0027


Contained use of GMOs   [index]


COUNCIL DECISION 2001/204/EC of 8 March 2001 supplementing Directive 90/219/EEC as regards the criteria for establishing the safety, for human health and the environment, of types of genetically modified micro-organisms. Official Journal L 073, 15/03/2001, P 0032 - 0034

COMMISSION DECISION 2000/608/EC of 27 September 2000 concerning the guidance notes for risk assessment outlined in Annex III of Directive 90/219 /EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. Official Journal L 258, 12/10/2000, P. 0043 - 0048

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 98/81/EC of 26 October 1998 amending Directive90/219/EECon the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. Official Journal L 330, 05/12/1998 p. 0013 - 0031

COMMISSION DECISION 96/134/EC of 16 January 1996 amending Decision91/448/EECconcerning guidelines for classification referred to in Article4 of Council Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms(Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 031, 09/02/1996 P. 0025- 0027

COMMISSION DIRECTIVE 94/51/EC of 7 November 1994 adapting to technical progress Council Directive 90/219/EEC on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. Official Journal L 297, 18/11/1994 p. 0029 -0030. End Of Validity: 25/10/1998; Implic. Repealed By 398L0081

COMMISSION DECISION 91/448/EEC of 29 July 1991, concerning the guidelines for classification referred to in Article 4 of Directive 90/219/EEC. Official Journal L 239, 28/08/1991 P. 0023 - 0026

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 90/219/EEC of 23 April 1990, on the contained use of genetically modified micro-organisms. Official Journal L 117, 08/05/1990p.0001 - 0014

 

Novel food & Labelling  [index]

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC)No 50/2000 of 10 January 2000 on the labelling of foodstuffs and food ingredients containing additives and flavourings that have been genetically modified or have been produced from genetically modified organism. Official Journal L 6, 11/01/2000, P. 0015 - 0017

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 49/2000 of 10 January 2000 amending Council Regulation (EC)No 1139/98 concerning the compulsory indication on the labelling of certain foodstuffs produced from genetically modified organisms of particulars other than those provided for in Directive 79/112/EEC. Official Journal L 6, 11/01/2000, P. 0013 - 0014

COUNCIL REGULATION (EC) No 1139/98 of 26 May 1998 concerning the compulsory indication of the labelling of certain foodstuffs produced from genetically modified organisms of particulars other than those provided for in Directive 79/112/EEC. Official Journal L 159, 03/06/1998 p. 0004-0007

COMMISSION REGULATION (EC) No 1813/97 of 19 September 1997, concerning the compulsory indication on the labelling of certain food stuffs produced from genetically modified organisms of particulars other than those provided for in Directive 79/112/EEC (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 257, 20/09/1997 P. 0007 - 0008. End Of Validity: 31/08/1998; Repealed By 398R1139.

COMMISSION RECOMMENDATION 97/618/EC of 29 July 1997 concerning the scientific aspects and the presentation of information necessary to support applications for the placing on the market of novel foods and novel food ingredients and the preparation of initial assessment reports under Regulation(EC)No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council (Text with EEA relevance) . Official Journal L 253, 16/09/1997 P. 0001- 0036

REGULATION (EC) No 258/97 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 27 January1997, concerning novel foods and novel food ingredients. Official Journal L 043, 14/02/1997 P. 0001 - 0007

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 79/112/EEC of 18 December 1978 on the approximation of the laws of the Member States relating to the labelling, presentation and advertising of foodstuffs for sale to the ultimate consumer. Official Journal L 033, 08/02/1979 p. 0001 - 0014


Placing on the market   [index]
 

COMMISSION DECISION 98/294/EC of 22 April 1998 concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified maize ( Zea mays L. line MON810), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC (Text with EEA relevance) Official Journal L 131, 05/05/1998 P. 0033 - 0033

COMMISSION DECISION 98/293/EC of 22 April 1998 concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified maize ( Zea mays L. T25), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 131, 05/05/1998 P. 0030 - 0031

COMMISSION DECISION 98/292/EC   of 22 April 1998 concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified maize ( Zea mays L.lineBt-11), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC (Text with EEA relevance).Official Journal L 131, 05/05/1998 P. 0028 - 0029

COMMISSION DECISION 98/291/EC of 22 April 1998 concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified spring swede rape ( Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC  (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 131, 05/05/1998 P. 0028 -0029

COMMISSION DECISION 97/549/EC of 14 July 1997, concerning the placing on the market of test T102 ( Streptococcus thermophilus T102), pursuantto Council Directive 90/220/EEC. (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 225, 15/08/1997 P. 0034 - 0034

COMMISSION DECISION 97/393/EC of 6 June 1997, concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified colza ( Brassica napus L.oleifera Metzg. MS1, RF2), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC. (Textwith EEA relevance). Official Journal L 164, 21/06/1997 P. 0040 -0041

COMMISSION DECISION 97/392/EC of 6 June 1997, concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified swede-rape ( Brassica napus L. oleifera Metzg. MS1, RF1), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC(Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 164, 21/06/1997 P. 0038- 0039

COMMISSION DECISION 97/98/EC of 23 January 1997, concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified maize ( Zea mays L.) with the combined modification for insecticidal properties conferred by the Bt-endotoxin gene and increased tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium, pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC (Text with EEA relevance).Official Journal L 031, 01/02/1997
P. 0069 - 0070

COMMISSION DECISION 96/424/EC of 20 May 1996, concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified male sterile chicory ( Cichorium intybus L.) with partial tolerance to the herbicide glufosinate ammonium, persuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC. (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 175, 13/07/1996 P. 0025 - 0026

COMMISSION DECISION 96/281/EC of 3 April 1996, concerning the placing on the market of genetically modified soya beans ( Glycine max L.) with increased tolerance to the herbicide glyphosate, pursuant to Council Directive90/220/EEC (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L107, 30/04/1996P.0010 - 0011

COMMISSION DECISION 96/158/EC of 6 February 1996, concerning the placing on the market of a GMO containing product, seeds of herbicide-tolerant hybrid colza ( Brassica napus L. oleifera Metzg. MS1Bn x RF1Bn), pursuant to Council Directive 90/220/EEC (Text with EEA relevance). Official Journal L 037, 15/02/1996 P. 0030 - 0031

COMMISSION DECISION 94/505/EC of 18 July 1994, amending the Decision of 18 December 1992 concerning the placing on the market of a GMO containing product, the vaccine Nobi-Porvac Aujeszky live, pursuant to Article 13of Council Directive 90/220/EEC. Official Journal L 203, 06/08/1994P.0022- 0023

COMMISSION DECISION 94/385/EC of 8 June 1994, concerning the placing on the market of a product consisting of a genetically modified organism, seeds of herbicide-resistant tobacco variety ITB 1000 OX, pursuant to Article13ofCouncil Directive 90/220/EEC. Official Journal L 176, 09/07/1994P.0023- 0024

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/113/EC of 14 December 1993 concerning the use and marketing of enzymes, micro- organisms and their preparations in animal nutrition. Official Journal L 334, 31/12/1993 p. 0017-0023

COMMISSION DECISION 93/572/EEC of 19 October 1993, concerning the placing on the market of a product containing genetically modified organisms pursuant to Article 13 of Council Directive 90/220/EEC [Raboral vaccine]. Official Journal L 276, 09/11/1993 P. 0016 - 0017

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 93/41/EEC of 14 June 1993 repealing Directive87/22/EECon the approximation of national measures relating to the placing on the market of high- technology medicinal products, particularly those derived from biotechnology. Official Journal
L 214, 24/08/1993 p. 0040-0040

COUNCIL DIRECTIVE 91/414/EEC of 15 July 1991 concerning the placing of plant protection products on the market. Official Journal L230, 19/08/1991 P. 0001 - 0032